Can rabbits eat pumpkin?

Last Updated on December 11, 2023 by Admin

Pumpkin is a popular fruit that belongs to the winter squash family. Considering that rabbits need a balanced diet that includes fruits as treats, it begs the question, can rabbits eat pumpkin? This article not only answers that, but it also looks at introducing a pumpkin diet if indeed it’s edible by rabbits. In addition, we also look at the nutritional the fruit and the consequences of feeding your bunny excess.


Can rabbits eat pumpkins?

The short answer is yes. Rabbits that are at least 12 weeks old can eat fresh pumpkins that are fresh and raw. All five species of this particular fruit are safe for rabbit consumption. They include the Argyrosperma (cushaw squash), Ficifolia ( Malabar gourd and chilacayote squash), Maxima(buttercup, Hubbard and winter squash), Moschata (long island cheese, and Shakertown field pumpkins) and lastly Pepo(this includes the delicate squashes, jack-o’-lantern variety and ornamental gourds.)

Some of the edible pumpkin parts are the flesh and the leaves. Avoid feeding them the seeds, stem, or rind/skin as these parts can be choking hazards. Just like any other fruit, it’s always advisable to feed them occasionally and in moderation.

In terms of quantity to feed your rabbits, the rule of thumb for adult rabbits is two tablespoons of raw pumpkin flesh per 5 pounds of body weight twice per week. On the other hand, 4 to 12-month-old bunnies should be fed 1 tablespoon of pumpkin per serving, twice per week. As for the fruit’s large leaves, a ¼ piece per serving, once or twice per week is recommended for 4 to 12-month-old bunnies. For adult bunnies ½ a piece per serving twice per week alongside other leafy greens is always recommended.


Introducing pumpkin to your rabbit’s diet

When it comes to feeding your rabbit’s pumpkin for the first time, ensure that the fruit is ripe and fresh. As for the leaves, they need to be properly washed. Secondly, peel off the fruit’s skin, cut the flesh into small chewable and digestible pieces, then remove the seeds.

Gradually introduce the pumpkin flesh pieces per serving. Start off with a tablespoon per 5 pounds of body weight per serving then wait for 24 hours to see how your bunny’s stomach reacts after digesting the new fruit diet. Maintain the same portion quantity for the leaves as well. In case your bunny has diarrhea, soft stools, or shows signs of discomfort the next day, then avoid feeding them any more pumpkin. On the contrary, if your rabbit displays no sign of stomach issues, adjust the amount from one tablespoon to two tablespoons per 5 pounds of body weight per serving twice per week.


The nutritional value pumpkin provides rabbits

Pumpkins are highly nutritious fruits that contain essential vitamins and minerals that contribute to the overall growth and development of rabbits. Pumpkins contain vitamin A which helps improve a rabbit’s vision and immunity. It also helps with the proper functionality of a rabbit’s vital organs such as the heart, lungs, and kidneys.

Vitamin K which helps with bone health, improving blood flow and lowering the risk of blood clots is also contained in pumpkins. The fruit also contains minerals such as calcium that helps strengthen a rabbit’s bones and teeth, in addition to improving the functionality of their cardiovascular and nervous system. Other minerals the fruit has are zinc, folate, manganese, potassium, and phosphorus.

Zinc helps with protein synthesis, which in turn helps to speed up wound healing. Folate boosts a rabbit’s immunity and also helps with the production of red blood cells. Manganese assists in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Next is potassium which helps reduce the risk of high blood pressure and your rabbits from developing cardiovascular issues. The last mineral is phosphorus which typically aids energy metabolism in a rabbit’s system.

Lastly, pumpkins are a great food source for keeping your rabbits hydrated. This is considering that it comprises 94% of water, which as a result, aids digestion besides providing extra hydration.


Risks of feeding rabbit’s excessive pumpkin

Although pumpkins are highly nutritious for rabbits, feeding them excessively can lead to health issues. The high sugar and carbohydrate content contained in the fruit can lead to obesity, GI stasis, diarrhea due to bacterial imbalance, and even dental issues. In other words, only feed your rabbits pumpkins sparingly and as an occasional treat.



Although bunnies can eat pumpkin, it only makes up a small percentage of their entire diet. The fact of the matter is fruits collectively only make up around 5%. In other words, their diet should primarily comprise 85% hay, 10% greens as substitutes, and in our case pumpkins and pellets as treats.

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